On 23 July, a general election will be held in Spain. If you are not going to be at your usual address on that date, you can apply to vote by post until 13 July. The deadline for depositing the envelope with the vote at the post office is 20 July.
On 29 May, the extraordinary Council of Ministers approved the royal decree that dissolved the Cortes elected on 10 November 2019 and called elections to both Houses, which will be held on Sunday 23 July. This royal decree was published in the Official State Gazette on Tuesday 30 May, the date on which it came into force.
When does the election campaign begin and how long does it last?
In accordance with the provisions of Organic Law 5/1985, of 19 June, on the General Electoral System, the election campaign will last 15 days, beginning at midnight on Friday 7 July and ending at midnight on Friday 21 July. The resulting Houses will meet in constituent sessions on 17 August 2023.
A day of reflection will be held on Saturday 22 July.
What are the deadlines for postal voting?
You can apply to vote by post until 13 July at any Correos post office or online on the Correos website, without having to go to a post office in person. To do so, you will have to authenticate your identity with your electronic ID card or a valid digital certificate.
How to vote by post
You must pick up the application form at a Correos post office or submit the postal vote application online using your electronic ID card or a valid digital certificate.
On the form, you must indicate the postal address to which you want the electoral documentation to be sent (this may be your home address, your place of work or a post office box).
The Electoral Census Office will send you the documentation necessary to vote to the address you have indicated as of 3 July.
Once you have received the documentation, choose the ballot paper and insert it in the voting envelope (or do not include a ballot paper if you decide to vote blank). Insert the voting envelope and the census registration certificate inside the envelope on which the address of your polling station is written. Do not include any document accrediting your identity inside the voting envelope, because in this case your vote will be considered invalid by the polling station.
Take this envelope to a post office, where you will have to identify yourself with your ID card or similar document and send it by registered post free of charge before 20 July.
If you cannot come in person to deliver the documentation, you will have to give an authorisation for another person to deposit it, accompanied by a photocopy of your ID card or similar document and signed by you.
Can I change my mind and vote in person?
No. If you apply to vote by post and your application is accepted, you will not be able to vote in person at your polling station on 23 July.
How do I apply to vote by post if I am temporarily or on holiday abroad?
If you are temporarily or on holiday abroad, you will remain in this situation until the day of the vote and you wish to exercise your right to vote, you must:
Fill in the application form (which can be collected at consulates or embassies or downloaded from the websites of the Ministry of the Interior or the Ministry of Foreign Affairs) and present the form in person at the consulate or embassy until 29 June, although it is recommended that you submit your application as soon as possible.
In order to make the application, you must be registered in the consular register of the country where you are a non-resident. The application and registration in the register of consular enrolment can be made in the same act.
The electoral roll office will start sending the electoral documentation to the addresses indicated in the applications on 3 July. The vote must be sent by registered post by 20 July at the latest.
For these votes to be valid, it is essential that the envelope be clearly marked with a postmark or other official inscription from a post office of the State concerned, certifying that it has been sent within the deadline.
Who can use the application to submit an electronic postal vote application?
Voters resident in Spain. Once the application has been submitted online, if it is accepted by the Electoral Census Office, you will not be able to vote at the polling station on polling day.
Voters resident abroad who are temporarily in Spain, with the right to vote in the elections called.
This cannot be requested by voters resident in Spain who are temporarily abroad, nor by voters resident abroad who request it from their country of residence.